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                                   轉品定義:一個詞彙在語文中改變了它原來的詞性,即將某類詞變化詞性以用之。

                                                 轉品又分  |  名詞活用  |  形容詞活用  |  動詞活用  |  其他  

                (一)名詞活用

                            高中課本範例:

                        1.  固先乎吾,吾從而之。                                                   ------韓愈【師說】

                        2.  君子不,今其智乃反不能及。                                       ------韓愈【師說】

                        3.  背筐,長鑱。                                                                   ------方苞【左忠毅公軼事】

                                                                                                                          按:手,名詞>持,拿,動詞

                        4.  雖欲勿也,不亦可乎!                                                   ------禮記【檀弓選】

                                                                                          按:殤禮,名詞--->以未成年而死之禮葬之,動詞       

                        5.  垣牆庭,以當南日。     -----歸有光【項脊軒志】     按:周圍,名詞>環繞,動詞

                        6.  雖以史遷之善游俠,亦不能為五百人立傳。               ------孫文【黃花岡烈士事略序】

                        7.  以先帝遺德,恢弘志士之氣。                                       ------諸葛亮【出師表】

                        8.  不,則治臣之罪。                                                           ------諸葛亮【出師表】

                                                                                                                             按:成效,名詞>成功,動詞

                        9.  即不能答,當是刃。                                                           ------宋濂【秦士錄】

                      10.  徒欲馳騁文墨,撫一世豪傑。                                           ------宋濂【秦士錄】

                                                                                                                             按:小兒,名詞>輕視,副詞

                      11.  晉函陵,秦氾南。                                                          ------左傳【燭之武退秦師】

                                                                                                                             按:軍隊,名詞>駐紮,動詞

                      12.  既東鄭,又欲肆其西封。                                                  ------左傳【燭之武退秦師】       

                                                                                                                             按:疆界,名詞>拓疆,動詞

                      13.  裂裳瘡,手注善藥。                                                      ------柳宗元【段太尉逸事狀】

                      14.  今段公唯一馬,賤賣穀入汝。                                      ------柳宗元【段太尉逸事狀】

                                                                                                                                 按:市集,名詞>買,動詞

                      15.  棄黔首以資敵國,卻賓客以諸侯。                                  ------李斯【諫逐客書】

                                                                                                                 按:事業,名詞>使成就功業,動詞 

                          16.  上胡不先王之法?非不賢也。                                  ------呂氏春秋【察今】  

                      17.  函梁君臣之首入於太廟。                                               -----歐陽修【新五代史   伶官傳序】

                                                                                                                 按:匣子,名詞>用匣子裝著,動詞

                      18.  臣妾於吳者,三年而不倦。                                         ------蘇軾【留侯論】

                                                                                                                 按:臣妾,名詞>做的臣妾,動詞

                      19.  日人一升,歲人一縑。                                     ------錢公輔【義田記】           

                                                                  按:食物(衣服),名詞-->給人食物(衣服)吃(穿),動詞

                      20.  齊侯以晏子之觴而桓子。                                     ------錢公輔【義田記】

                                                                                                                              按:酒杯,名詞-->罰酒,動詞

                      21.  族之人瓢囊為溝中瘠者,豈少哉。                        ------錢公輔【義田記】

                                                                                        按:盛水貯糧的器具,名詞>持瓢、囊行乞,動詞

                      22.  以秦之心,天下之奇才。                                    ------蘇洵【六國論】

                      23.  孟嘗君怪其疾也,衣冠而見之。                            ------戰國策【馮諼客孟嘗君】

                                                                                                                    按:衣帽,名詞>穿上衣服,動詞

                      24.  汝之純明宜其家者,不克蒙其澤矣!                     ------韓愈【祭十二郎文】

                                                                                                                    按:家業,名詞>繼承家業,動詞

                      25.  水面清圓,一一荷舉。                                             ------李煜【清平樂】

                                                                                                                        按:風,名詞>風裡的,形容詞

                      26.  研孝、老,則知文質附乎性情。                             ------劉勰【情采】

                      27.  遠棄風雅,近辭賦。                                                 ------劉勰【情采】

                      28.  設模以理,擬地以置心。                                         ------劉勰【情采】

                                                                                                                        按:位置,名詞>安排,動詞

                      29.  其翼附群山,並青雲。                                         ------酈道元【水經江水注】

                                                                                                            按:平斗斛之器,名詞>等齊,動詞

                      30.  鬼神非人實,惟德是輔。                                         ------左傳【宮之奇諫假道】

                      31.  虞不矣!                                                                     ------左傳【宮之奇諫假道】 

                                                                                                按:十二月大祭眾神之禮>引伸指滅亡,動詞 

                      32.  師還,於虞。                                                             ------左傳【宮之奇諫假道】  

                      33.  不獨其親,不獨其子。                                         ------禮記【大同與小康】

                      34.  執紅拂,立於前,獨靖。                                        ----杜光庭【虯髯客傳】

                      35.  靖出胡餅。                                                                ----杜光庭【虯髯客傳】   

                                                                                                                               按:市集,名詞>買,動詞

                      36.  伯牙鼓琴,。而六馬仰                                         ------荀子【勸學】

                                                                                                                       按:草料,名詞,飼馬草料,動詞

                      37.  雲集而響應,嬴糧而從。                                        ------賈誼【過秦論】

                                                                           按:雲(影),名詞>如雲般地(如影般)隨行,副詞

                      38.  沛公霸上。                                                             ------司馬遷【鴻門之宴】

                      39.  國人莫敢言,道路以                                             ------國語【召工諫厲王弭謗】

                           作家範例:

                            1.  當所有的朋友都看到

                             我髮上的                                                            ------席慕容【短詩】

                            2.  山風拂髮  拂頸  拂裸露的肩膀

                             而月光我以華裳                                                    ------席慕容【山月】

                            3.  請你在風裡常回首

                          莫理會世間日月悠悠                                                ------席慕容【最後的水筆仔】

                             自行創作:

                        1.  小強這次又小人地贏得了這場球賽。

                            2.  小紅今天的舉止似乎很夏威夷

                            3.  經過一再努力的暗示,小明終於不再電燈泡了。

                形容詞活用

                            高中課本範例:

                        1.  亡國之君,各其臣。                                          ------劉義慶【世說新語選】

                        2.  親賢臣,小人。                                                  ------諸葛亮【出師表】

                           作家範例:

                            1.  春未,鬢先絲,人間別久不成悲。                      ------姜夔【鷓鴣天】

                            2.  月光衣我以華裳 

                             林間有新似我青春模樣                                        ------席慕容【山月】

                            3.  可是    不眠的夜

                          仍然太長    而

                          早生的白髮    又洩漏了

                             我的悲傷                                                                   ------席慕容【短詩】

                            自行創作:

                        1.  我的美麗與哀愁,隨著飛機的起飛也飛到了不知名的國度去了。

                            2.  不知何故,他的臉紅了整個下午,始終無法退潮。

                            3.  朋友啊!千萬千萬別把我的悲哀當真,我只是在表演一齣人生的悲劇,只是表演啊!

                動詞活用

                           作家範例:

                            1.  若世間的悲苦    你都已

                             為我嚐盡    我如何能

                             不愛你憔悴的心                                                        ------席慕容【傳言】

                            2.  只因    總在揣想

                             想幻化而出時

                             將會有絢爛的翼

                             和你永遠的等待                                                        ------席慕容【春蠶】

                            3.  在金色的繭裡

                          期待著一份來世的

                             許諾                                                                            ------席慕容【春蠶】

                             自行創作:

                        1.  我和他的爭吵,早已不值得爭吵了。

                            2.  親愛的,你可知道你美麗的偷竊,已經被我悄悄地監視了。

                            3.  追逐享受的過程中,誰能不迷失自我?

                其他

                            作家範例:

                        1.  夫顓臾,昔者先王以為蒙主。                             ------【論語季氏】

                        2.  露氣寒光集,微陽楚邱。                             ------馬戴【楚江懷古】

                        3.  昔聞洞庭水,今岳陽樓。                             ------杜甫【登岳陽樓】

                           自行創作:

                            1.  你對我若不能保證沒有心,那麼又為何要求我的青春當你的生日禮物?

                            2.  你若中意我的等姿色,就請你快快買走吧!

                            3.  雖然人說﹕「無不成禮」,但你也不用寫個「三」字給我吧!

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